Professor Ram Kumar Dahal
(Retired) Tribhuwan University, Nepal
Political challenges and issues:
The ruling elites and political leaders in Nepal, despite their flowery slogans of inclusive and participatory democracy, have failed terribly to promote political stability, to institutionalize democracy.
The deterioration of the law and order situation in different parts of the country, in particular south of the East-West highway, where a number of terrorist groups of an apolitical nature are very active, the absence of a state mechanism in many Many parts of the country, the protection from crime, the criminalization of politics and the politicization of crime, and the lack of good governance have raised serious issues regarding the leadership successes in Nepal.
The encouragement of the militant tendency among the main political parties and their confidence in the ball, that the ballot as the ladder of political power, the feeling of political intolerance among them raised serious questions about the successes of democracy in the Nepal.
The lack of democracy within the party and the attitude of the first generation leader to disrespect and trust emerging young leaders further raised the question of the credibility of leadership in Nepal. As most political leaders have passed the retirement age in Nepal (eg 58, 61, 63), the country is practically ruled by dead leaders.
The ruling elites and political leaders in Nepal have hardly respected the voices of weak, marginalized, minority, powerless and voiceless groups.
The destructive activities carried out by terrorist groups in different parts of the country under different political slogans, political and governmental instability, increasing activities of foreigners in Nepal under different names, elitist, aristocratic and impractical thinking of political parties and leaders , their inability to honestly apply the provisions of the peace agreements, widespread political and administrative corruption, favoritism and nepotism, (preferring afno / hamro sleeve que ramro sleeve), the inability to honestly implement the provisions of international human rights covenants, the double standard of leadership, the absence of a democratic political culture among the leaders, the growing expectations of the population turning into thunderous frustrations, and other similar issues have called into question the ability of the Nepalese leadership.
Due to the conflicts between parties and within parties, and the unhealthy competition between them, and the destructive nature of opposition politics have also created many problems in this direction.
The political leaders have failed to downplay the weaknesses of representative democracy, and due to the erroneous and impractical activities of the political engines, many people express the suspicion that the Nepalese democracy may not reach the real destination. and correct.
Political leaders have no fixed goals and have remained silent on the most crucial issues of violations of borders, national interests and territorial sovereignty.
Political leadership in Nepal, under the influence of globalization, has lost its decision-making power, leaving that power in the hands of regional and global powers.
The feelings of patriotism and nationalism have become outdated factors, causing the deterioration of the feeling of dedication to the people and the nation.
Political protections from crime, criminalization of politics and politicization of crime, growing alienation / frustration with politics have further weakened Nepalese leadership and democracy. Under the influence of globalization, young people have neither love nor affection for the nation and run after money, visit foreign countries.
Political and administrative corruption in Nepal has weakened the Nepalese state and leadership.
It is said that a dog with a bone in its mouth cannot do two things: it cannot bite or bark.
The population has also expressed doubts about the usefulness of keeping such dogs which cannot bite or bark.
Some people believe that if all politics are corrupt, political leaders cannot be immune from corruption.
If the whole body is affected by cancer, the head cannot be expected to be free from it. Leaders have also failed to respond to the demands of adolescents and change their attitudes towards politics, which see “politics as the dirty game played by idiots.
“The indirect colonization of the Nepalese rulers resulted in the loss of their decision-making power, making them practically the puppets of regional and world powers in the service of their interests in Nepal. The small border created by parish loyalties (language, ethnicity, culture, race, region, religion) within the country has created additional challenges in this direction.
The lack of foresight and the failure of political leaders to respond in time to the real grievances of the people has led to the emergence of critical problems in Nepal.
Political leaders have failed to improve the law and order situation; control political and administrative corruption in the country to discourage favoritism, nepotism, “rajnitik bhagbhnda” and promote, Afnomanche instead of Ramromanche.
It has also shown its inability to minimize the weakness of democracy and the negative impact of globalization and to implement international conventions on human rights.
It has also failed to develop an appropriate image in national and international politics; demonstrate a democratic culture; erase the image of a failing state and develop an independent international personality.
Bureaucratic and authoritarian leadership and such political culture still prevail in the country in different forms and nature.
In such a critical situation, political leaders in Nepal must play a very important role in making democracy truly government “by the people for the people and the people” instead of “government by the fool for the fool and the fool. . Or “government by cattle for cattle and cattle.”
Challenges and Problems of Economic Weaknesses: The deterioration of the nation’s economic growth, increasing rate of poverty, unemployment and the government’s lesser concern about these issues have raised serious issues regarding the leadership success in Nepal.
The brain drain and the outflow of labor and youth from Nepal to countries around the world, including the Gulf countries, has posed challenges for Nepalese political leaders.
Under the impact of globalization, capable / skilled young people preferred to seek employment opportunities in the developed countries of the West, including the United States, Australia and Canada and in the Gulf countries.
In the period before 1990 there were few Lahures but after April 2006 almost all the young and the educated and capable people became new Lahures.
The failure of political and ruling elites to protect their economic interests in these countries further calls into question their capabilities in Nepal. The heavy misuse of foreign aid has created further problems in this regard.
Challenges and problems of socio-cultural weaknesses: The political leadership has also failed to promote social harmony, cooperation, cohesion and the concept of tolerance among existing socio-cultural groups, contributing to the integration of the nation.
Cultural and informational imperialism and the emergence of a number of small borders created by parish loyalties, including caste, ethnicity, religion and region have also created challenges in this direction.
Administrative weaknesses and challenges:
The polarization of the Nepalese administration on the basis of political ideologies, the formation of similar groups have seriously called into question the reliability and integrity of the entire administrative system.
Challenges and Problems of Constitutional Weaknesses: As the constitution was not drafted by the CA on time, it also raised the issue of the democratic accountability of the legislative leadership in Nepal.
Challenges and problems of educational weaknesses:
It is the first duty of leaders to stay well informed and keep abreast of matters of critical national interest and national and global events, so that events cannot be manipulated against the interests of the nation.
Reading habits make them far-sighted, liberal and informative about national, regional and world events, and also help them learn from history and not repeat the mistakes of the past.
But political leaders in Nepal are not used to studying, and updating on these issues and events are not used to consulting and interacting with academics / experts on these issues. national interest and also lack the habit and culture of listening to opposition criticism.
They must develop the habit of reading and analyzing these events on the basis of national interests and the perspective of the Third World.
The issue of educational qualifications for legislative and executive leadership was also raised in the days after 2006 under current constitutional provisions; leaders are the only people in Nepal who do not need a university degree to occupy legislative and executive leadership positions.
Many believe that the provision of such an educational qualification should be mandatory for members of the legislature and executive proposed in the new constitution.
Currently, nearly 60 out of a total of 601 (almost 10%) are believed to be illiterate, although they have now learned to write their names and can read simple letters. Many leaders in many policy areas, however, are educated and knowledgeable.
Most orthodox or radical communists spent much of their time studying the political ideologies of communist philosophers, including Marx, Lenin, Mao, Stalin, to name a few). Communist leaders are comparatively better informed.
Strategic weaknesses of the Nepalese leadership: The Nepalese political leadership has failed to understand the geostrategic importance of Nepal in the current regional and global politics, and to take advantage and serve the interests of the nation out of the competition between the powers regional and global.
Ruling and political leaders must fully understand the competition of regional and world powers in Nepal, maintain balanced relations with its immediate neighbors (without any bias) and take advantage of the existing situation in favor of Nepal’s national interests.
Psychological weaknesses of the Nepalese leadership: The personal factors of ruling and political elites, including their egoism and greed, have also played an important role in politics.
Political leaders are strictly guided by personal factors, particular interests.
They have failed to oppose foreign domination in Nepal and border encroachment due to these factors.
In order to gain power and stay in power longer, they are ready to compromise with their political ideology, to oppose the leadership of their party, to enter into secret alliances with other political parties if their interests are served and to take the plunge in the House and, in general, ready to become immoral by forgetting their democratic values, norms and culture.
From the Nepalese Telegraph Archives: Ed. Upadhyaya.